1720 Map of Brunswick.JPG

"Excerpt from the Cork Settlement study by Rebecca Graham

 In 1718, Colonial land agent Robert Temple convinced the occupants of the vessel McCallum to sail from Boston Harbor to a settlement on the lower Kennebec river he had named Cork.  Temple’s intent was to further improve lands, occupied by native peoples, by placing Scots-Irish settlers on the fringes. In return, the Scots-Irish received the promise of land they could completely control and potentially own. Land ownership was not possible in the Ulster settlement of the North of Ireland.  Coined “God’s Frontiersmen” by Rory Fitzpatrick, the Scots-Irish faced two alternatives, starve in the land they knew, as pawns of political and environmental upheaval, or strike out for the possibility of success in a land they did not."





Welcome to Boston

"Robert Temple was an ambitious young land agent for the newly acquired region along the eastern Kennebec River in present day Dresden and Woolwich. To make his land claim viable, he needed tenants and he needed them quickly.  Scots-Irish and German migrants headed to the American colonies for similar reasons, famine, political upheaval and through religious networking. The Presbyterian Church served as the recruitment arm for the frontier Scots-Irish. Joining the passengers of the Macallum, sailing from Coleraine, was Presbyterian Rev. James Woodside.  After a particularly harrowing journey across the Atlantic they landed in Boston for provisions before heading on to Connecticut ­­– their planned destination. Temple met them at the dock with great enthusiasm. Where Temple may have seen potential in this battered lot, Boston residents saw threats to their Puritan civility reminded of their religious differences.  Bostonians met the McCallum with a volley of sticks and threats."

Setting the stage

"Facing starvation at home and little hope of land ownership in Ulster, the largely protestant subjects made perfect Frontiers men.  Their Border Reiver origins and Ulster social reality made them well suited for life constantly on the edge of conflict. The harsh realities at home gave them advantages for the new world.  The commercial Linen industry was well established in the Bann and Lagan valley by 1700.  Ulster Scots-Irish were skilled laborers familiar with mill construction as well as operation. Land improvement would be dependent upon such skills and landowners like Robert Temple saw the high value in Scots-Irish residency. 300 years later, our Northern Irish connections still have great weight."